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NASA Will Shoot for the Moon Again with Artemis I, Decades After the Apollo Mission

Photo Credit: Kim Shiflett | NASA

Humanity is again getting ready for a manned mission to the moon after nearly 50 years. The renowned Apollo mission will soon be replaced by the Artemis I, an ambitious mission to the Earth’s natural satellite, with the assistance of a team of specialists and scientists at NASA.

The Apollo’s twin sister-inspired Artemis program will travel to the moon and touch down where Apollo last ventured. After that, the team will likely travel through uncharted areas of the moon. In the future, NASA anticipates that the Artemis missions will reach Mars’ surface.

The dark areas found south of the moon would be made known to humans for the first time. The Artemis mission’s goal is to locate a stable region where astronauts could spend a lot of time and use the information to aid in plans to travel to Mars.

A little more than a month ago, NASA’s rover found stable pits on the moon’s surface where the climate is stable and could support human life. Unfortunately, astronauts have had a hard time staying on the moon’s surface for an extended period of time because of how unstable its surface is. However, NASA is confident that the Artemis I can accomplish its mission now that it has made its discovery.

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The Artemis I mission

On August 29, the Artemis takes flight. The first flight would be unmanned but closely watched to ensure the security of any potential humans entering the intended region. NASA will oversee Artemis I operations and examine every aspect that might enable the organization to develop measures and countermeasures to ensure the safe flight of the manned missions of Artemis II and Artemis III.

According to NASA, Artemis II will be launched in 2024, followed by Artemis III the following year. The succeeding missions will be based on the data from Artemis I.

On August 29, the liftoff will start between 8:33 and 10:33 a.m. ET in Florida. As anticipated, Americans would travel to the Kennedy Space Center to witness the spectacle as the mission would launch.

Thanks to the Orion spacecraft, Artemis I will launch and set out on a 42-day journey that will take it 40,000 miles beyond the moon. The distance of the journey, if successful, will surpass what Apollo has accomplished. Given that the manned Artemis II will travel along the same path as Artemis I, it is crucial that NASA oversees the mission.

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NASA is proud of the Artemis I

“As we embark on the first Artemis test flight, we recall this agency’s storied past, but our eyes are focused not on the immediate future but out there,” stated NASA Administrator Bill Nelson.

“It’s a future where NASA will land the first woman and the first person of color on the moon. And on these increasingly complex missions, astronauts will live and work in deep space, and we’ll develop the science and technology to send the first humans to Mars.”

Artemis I is being launched to the moon by the Space Launch Rocket System, which was designed using all the data and information from the Apollo mission. The spacecraft could be launched 1,000 times farther than the International Space Station, which is currently in low-Earth orbit. The rocket will also accelerate the Orion to a top speed of 22,600 miles per hour.

“It’s the only rocket that’s capable of sending Orion and a crew and supplies into deep space on a single launch,” said John Honeycutt, the program manager of the SLS.

“It’s the powerhouse side of the vehicle where it’s got the primary propulsion, power and life support resources we need for Artemis I. Re-entry will be great to demonstrate our heat shield capability, making sure that the spacecraft comes home safely and, of course for future missions, protecting the crew,” further stated Howard Hu, the Orion program manager at NASA.

“Artemis I shows that we can do big things, things that unite people, things that benefit humanity — things like Apollo that inspire the world,” Nelson added. “And to all of us that gaze up at the moon, dreaming of the day humankind returns to the lunar surface: Folks, we’re here, we are going back, and that journey, our journey, begins with Artemis I.”

Source: CNN

Opinions expressed by Economic Insider contributors are their own.



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